Ants and Methods to Control Them

Ants are common insects found in every household. There are over 12,000 species of ants and none of them exactly behave the same way. These tiny creatures play an important role in ecosystems and are the most diverse and successful insects on the planet. They show amazing behaviors and adaptations. But when ants invade our house or garden, they can be a nuisance. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of ants, their behavior, habits, and tips to control these annoying creatures.

Interesting Facts About Ants

Long Lifespan

Ants live on this planet for only a few weeks as compared to humans. However, some species live for years. Some queen ant lives for decades. The oldest ant on record lived for 30 years.

Highly Organized Social Culture

Ants are known for their well-structured relationships. A typical ant colony consists of a queen, worker ants, and male ants. The queen is responsible for laying eggs while the worker ants are responsible for defense, foraging, and caring for young.

World’s Strongest Creatures (Relative to Their Size)

An ant can carry objects fifty times its body weight due to its specialized body adaptations. When ants work in groups, they can even lift more.

Super Colonies

Some ants form super colonies. These are large networks of colonies that work together instead of working against each other. The most popular examples of super colony are the Argentine ants which can be found along the southern coast of Europe. Their colonies get huge, sometimes covering the entire garden or a whole backyard.

Ants Don’t Hear

Ants do not have ear or have auditory canals like mammals. They hear by sensing vibrations in the soil. They have specialized sensors on their legs to sense these vibrations. They can even communicate by intentionally creating vibrations that other ants can hear and respond to.

Ants Are Old as Dinosaur

One of the facts about ants that scientists have estimated is that, ants are far older than humanity, about 110 to 130 million years ago. This means ants shared the planet with dinosaurs.

Ants Engage in Agriculture

Some species of ants have extraordinary farming techniques. They use fungi as a source of sustenance by bringing plant material into their nests and stimulating the growth of specialized fungal colonies. The ants rely on these fungi for their nutrition.

Pheromone Trail

Once an ant has discovered a food source it leaves a pheromone trail. This chemical helps other ants from the colony to find the food too.

Record Breaking Speed

Ants are among the fastest animals on the planet relative to their size. Saharan Silver ants can travel up to one meter in a second.

Diverse Diets

Ants are omnivorous and have different diets. Some species consume nectar and pollens, while others are scavengers and herbivorous.

Tips to  Prevent and Control Ant Infestations

Though ants are interesting creatures, their presence can be problematic in various ways. Here are some effective methods to ant control in your home.

Identify the Ant Species

Different ant species require different treatments. Identify the ant species infesting your home and determine the most appropriate methods to eliminate them.

Maintain Cleanliness

Keep your home clean and free from spills and crumbs. Ants are attracted to food particles. Make sure to clean the countertops and all surfaces thoroughly and remove any residue.

Store Food Properly

Store food in air-tight containers to prevent ants from smelling and accessing them. Keep the leftover food in closed containers and store them in a refrigerator. Wipe down sticky jars, especially any containing honey, syrup, soda, or other sweets. Finally, use a lid on trashcans and dispose of garbage regularly.

Seal Entry Points

Ants can enter your home through tiny cracks and holes. Fix these openings with caulk, cement, and weather stripping to prevent their entry.

Remove Attractants

Ants are drawn to sugar, protein, and greasy products. Make sure to clean the crumbs and store all sweet items in air-tight jars or inside the refrigerator. Store pet food in sealed containers.

Use Natural Methods

Use natural remedies like lemon juice, vinegar, and cinnamon at entry points or in places where you see ant activity. This will deter ants from your property.

Ant Dusts

Apply insecticidal dust at cracks, crevices, and all entry points of ants in your house. This dust will effectively kill ants and prevent further infestations.

Ant Baits

Ant baits are a great way to get rid of the ants. They have a special type of poison that the worker ants will take back to their nest, which will eventually kill the queen and the entire colony.

Ant Barrier

Spray an ant barrier around your home’s foundation. This will prevent ants from entering your property.

Prevent Outdoor Nesting

If you want to keep ants out of your house, try to keep your plants and mulch as far away as possible from the foundation of your house. Trim down any branches that come into contact with your house to make it harder for ants to get in.

Regular Maintenance

Regularly inspect your home and garden for signs of ant activity or infestation. Take preventive measures to keep ants at bay.

Professional Assistance

If the infestation is severe, or ants still persist after implementing preventive measures, seek professional assistance. They have appropriate tools and products that can safely eliminate ants from your property.

Conclusion

Ants are amazing creatures with their intricate social structures and interesting behaviors. However, when they invade our homes, they become a real problem that requires effective pest control in Faridabad measures. By getting to know about the world of ants and implementing preventive measures, we can coexist with these tiny and stubborn creatures and maintain a harmonious living environment.